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Abstract Detail

MSA - Cell and molecular biology/Physiology & Genetics

Foltz, Matthew [1], Palmer, Jonathan [2], Volk, Thomas [1].

Nobel Prize Winning Fungi: an educational poster for teaching about Mycology.

The Nobel Prizes are awarded annually “to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind.” They are regarded as the most prestigious awards of their kind. Several Nobel prizes have been awarded for scientific work with fungi. In 1945, the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine was awarded to Sir Alexander Fleming, Sir Ernest Boris Chain, and Lord Howard Walter Florey for the discovery of penicillin from the mold Penicillium chrysogenum (=P. notatum), and its curative effect on various infectious diseases. George Wells Beadle and Edward Lawrie Tatum were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1958 for their work on the one gene, one enzyme theory using Neurospora crassa, an ascomycete known as the red bread mold. More recently in 2001, the Nobel Prize was awarded to Leland H. Hartwell, R. Timothy Hunt, and Paul M. Nurse for their work using Saccharomyces cerevisiae, baker’s yeast, to discover the key regulators of the eukaryotic cell cycle. These revolutionary studies have helped to pave the way for research in physiology, medicine, and cell biology. Winning the Nobel Prize has helped draw attention to fungi as model organisms because they are eukaryotic and thus have more applicability to human studies. In addition, they have small space requirements, haploid nuclei (where usually phenotype=genotype), short life cycles, and many other useful and unique characteristics. This poster demonstrates examples of how scientists can use fungi as valuable tools for research and education. This poster was developed as an educational display for classes in Mycology, Medical Mycology, Botany, and Food & Industrial Mycology and would be appropriate for teaching about the importance of fungi in a wide variety of classes.

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Related Links:
Tom Volk's Fungi
Penicillium chrysogenum (=P. notatum), the source for penicillin-- Tom Volk's Fungi
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the bakers' and brewers' yeast.-- Tom Volk's Fungi

1 - University of Wisconsin- La Crosse, Biology, 3005 Cowley Hall, La Crosse, WI, 54601, USA
2 - University of Wisconsin- Madison , Plant Pathology, 3465 Microbial Sciences Building, Madison, WI, 53706, USA

Nobel Prize

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Topics
Session: P2
Location: Event Tent/Cliff Lodge
Date: Tuesday, July 28th, 2009
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: P2CG012
Abstract ID:573