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Abstract Detail


Economic Botany Section

Edun, Afo-Nene Henshaw [1].

Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in veterinary medicine in Nigeria.

Field studies were carried out in eighteen states of the federation representing six geopolitical zones of Nigeria. Several interviews with herb sellers, elderly people and pastoralists reveal that many medicinal herbs are used in the treatment of animal diseases such as Newcastle disease and bird flu in poultry, Johnís disease and brucellosis in livestock and many external parasites as well as for reproductive problems and parturition. Samples and their vernacular names were collected, pressed and later compared with voucher specimen at the Forestry Research Institute Herbarium in Ibadan, Nigeria where they were properly identified using the Keys to The Families of Flowering Plants by Hutchinson, 1967 and the Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa by Burkhill, 1995.
Eighty Ė two plants were collected and analyzed for their phytochemical properties. Analysis showed that the plants collected contained saponins, tannins, terpenes, sterols, flavonoids and a variety of phytochemical components which explained their multiple medicinal uses. Extracts prepared from thirty five of the plants collected were used on livestock and poultry and were found to have healing effects on six diseases over a one month period. The benefits of traditional medicine is discussed along with the factors affecting the development of traditional medicine in Nigeria and many other African countries. The study shows that traditional and orthodox medicine can co-exist and that a lot of money and valuable livestock can be saved.


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1 - University of Lagos, Botany & Microbiology, UniLag, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos, 2341, Nigeria

Keywords:
ethnobotany
medicinal plants
ethnoveterinary
conservation
taxonomy
Nigeria.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper:Papers for BSA Sections
Session: 48
Location: Magpie B/Cliff Lodge - Level B
Date: Tuesday, July 28th, 2009
Time: 2:15 PM
Number: 48004
Abstract ID:397


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