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Abstract Detail


Molecular Ecology and Evolution

Walsh, Ryan [1], Michaels, Helen [2].

Examining Cypripedium (Orchidaceae) Hybridization in a Prairie/Woodland Ecotone.

Hybridization has been shown to be an important process in plant speciation. Ascertaining the lineage of suspected hybrid individuals can be complicated when using morphological characters alone. This study examined morphological characters as well as nuclear-ribosomal internal transcribed spacers of Cypripedium candidum, C.
parviflorum var. pubescens and C. x favillianum in order to test the hypothesis that suspected hybrid individuals growing along a prairie/woodland ecotone in Resthaven
Wildlife Area, Castalia, Ohio indeed had hybrid ancestry. Furthermore, we examined whether C. parviflorum var. pubescens was extirpated from the site. Fifteen
morphological characters were employed in a discriminant function analysis which revealed clear separation between the hybrids and the parental taxa. Additionally,
analysis of the morphological data showed ten of the fifteen variables measured in the hybrids were intermediate between the parental taxa. Three ITS types were detected in
the hybrid populations, two of which were identical to the parental taxa and a third which was identical to C. parviflorum var. pubescens with the exception of a single nucleotide substitution. The results support the hypothesis that the suspected hybrid individuals were indeed hybrids, and C. parviflorum var. pubescens is extirpated from the Resthaven site.


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1 - Bowling Green State University, Biological Sciences, Bowling Green, OH, 43402, U.S.A.
2 - Bowling Green State University, Biological Sciences, Life Science Building, Bowling Green, Ohio, 43403, USA

Keywords:
section Cypripedium
orchid
ITS
morphology.

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Topics
Session: P1
Location: Event Tent/Cliff Lodge
Date: Monday, July 27th, 2009
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: P1ME001
Abstract ID:33


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