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Abstract Detail


Recent Topics Posters

Driscoll, Heather [1], Liao, Irene T. [1], Wang, Yizhuo [1], Specht, Chelsea [2].

Molecular phylogeny of the genus Costus (Costaceae) .

The genus Costus (Costaceae) is a large group of perennial herbs distributed in the moist rainforests of both the New and Old World tropics with its center of species diversity in the neotropics. A genus-wide molecular phylogeny for Costus, including 84 ingroup taxa and two outgroup taxa (Monocostus uniflorus and Chamaecostus lanceolatus), was reconstructed to explore evolutionary trends in floral morphology, pollination biology, and biogeography of the group. The phylogenetic analysis is based on two nuclear ribosomal sequences — the internal and external transcribed spacers (ITS and ETS) —and the 23rd intron of the low copy nuclear gene RNA polymerase II (RPB2) from a taxonomically and geographically diverse sample. Parsimony and Bayesian phylogenetic analyses of the combined data support a monophyletic Costus and corroborate recent hypotheses as to membership and sequence of origin of the major groups within the genus. Neotropical Costus represents a rapidly evolving, monophyletic group, which remains inadequately resolved, while African Costus form a paraphyletic group comprised of several early-diverging lineages each comprised of a few closely related species.


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1 - University of California, Berkeley, Plant and Microbial Biology, 111 Koshland Hall MC 3102, Berkeley, California, 94720-3102, USA
2 - University of California, Berkeley, Plant and Microbial Biology, 111 Koshland Hall MC 3102, Berkeley, CA, 94720-3102, USA

Keywords:
Costaceae
Costus
ITS
ETS
RPBII
molecular phylogenetics.

Presentation Type: Recent Topics Poster
Session: P2
Location: Event Tent/Cliff Lodge
Date: Tuesday, July 28th, 2009
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: P2RT040
Abstract ID:1246


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