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Recent Topics Posters

Silvius, John E. [1], Silveira, Matthew B. [1].

Eradication of Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) in Ohio with Good Science and Interagency Cooperation.

Kudzu, Pueraria lobata, a mat-forming leguminous vine introduced from Asia in the late 1800’s, was first reported in Ohio in the 1980s. The reduction in barriers to long-distance seed dispersal combined with disruption of natural landscapes and climate change has enabled kudzu to expand its range northward into the Great Lakes Region, threatening the composition and stability of biotic communities in its path. According to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), there are approximately 30 kudzu infestation sites among a dozen Ohio counties. Herbarium records indicate the presence of kudzu in southern Ohio as early as 1970. Limited eradication efforts are underway.
In summer, 2007, we contracted with a local land manager, CEMEX, Inc. of Fairborn, OH to develop and conduct a strategy of kudzu eradication from limestone quarry land. We estimated the area of four kudzu infestations to be 4.5 acres. We also catalogued the plant species being impacted by the kudzu, and verified that the kudzu produced viable seeds in 2007; and, new seedlings in 2008.
Based upon our field study and survey of literature, we selected NOVCO, Inc., Columbus, OH and arranged for joint funding by CEMEX and USFWS for a summer, 2009 application of the systematic herbicide TranslineĀ®. TranslineĀ® reportedly attacks the extensive root system of kudzu to provide long term control with minimal negative impact on other species.
To properly eradicate kudzu in Ohio and the Great Lakes Region, we recommend and are participating in 1) Education and motivation of the public to identify and report kudzu; 2) Encouraging networking among government agencies, NGO’s, and land stewards to assess the status and develop a scientifically based eradication strategy for each infestation; 3) Linking eradication to wise land stewardship that seeks to reclaim disturbed landscapes and restore native species.


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1 - Cedarville University, Science and Mathematics Department, 251 N Main Street, Cedarville,, Ohio, 45314, USA

Keywords:
kudzu
Pueraria
Invasive Species
herbicide.

Presentation Type: Recent Topics Poster
Session: P1
Location: Event Tent/Cliff Lodge
Date: Monday, July 27th, 2009
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: P1RT021
Abstract ID:1217


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